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Saturday, 31 October 2015

Blessed Samhain!

If you are a Wiccan that is.  Have a good night and remember Gerald!

Stone Throwing British Bigfoot....well.....

This sums up the whole fakery and silliness of the "British Bigfoot" -promulgated by alleged "serious cryptozoologists" in this country.

Years ago, someone goes walking in dark woodland.  During the course of that walk three small stones are thrown at them from out of the dark.  THIS is "evidence" of a British Bigfoot.

I DO hope that this was a joke.


Friday, 30 October 2015

22 Ancient Ship Wrecks NEVER Scientifically Studied

And every time we say "We can learn no more about ancient history" along come another 22 ships!

Shipwrecks were the stuff of lore around the craggy coasts of Fourni, a Greek archipelago close to Turkey in the eastern Aegean Sea. Generations of local fishermen and sponge divers had seen piles of ancient pottery collecting algae on the seafloor. Last month, a group of marine archaeologists finally investigated the waters, and their wealth of findings far exceeded expectations.


During the very first dive of the expedition, the team found the remains of a late Roman-period wreck strewn with sea grass in shallow water. By day 5, the researchers had discovered evidence of nine more sunken ships. The next day, they found another six. By the time the 13-day survey was finished, the divers had located 22 shipwrecks— some more than 2,500 years old — that had never been scientifically documented before.

"I think we were all shocked," said Peter Campbell, co-director of the project from the U.S.-based RPM Nautical Foundation. "We were expecting three or four wrecks, and we would have been very happy." 


Ancient shipwreck graveyard from Roman and Medieval eras discovered near Greece 

Ancient shipwreck graveyard from Roman and Medieval eras discovered near Greece

 
Just how many more wrecks are hidden around Fourni — which lies between the islands of Samos and Icaria — is anyone's guess, Campbell said. The expedition turned up doomed vessels from the Archaic period (700-480 B.C.) to the late medieval period (16th century A.D.), from depths of 180 feet (55 meters) to as shallow as 10 feet (3 m). And yet, this initial survey covered merely 17 square miles(44 square kilometers), just 5 percent of the archipelago's coast. Previously, about 180 ancient shipwrecks had been well-documented in all of Greece's territorial waters. These new discoveries add 12 percent to the total number of known wrecks, the leaders of the project said.


"In a survey, you don't really choose what you're going to find — you just dive," George Koutsouflakis, the Greek director of the survey, from the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities, told Live Science. "We knew already that Fourni was a hub in navigation in the Aegean, so we had some expectations, but the results surprised us. The importance of this place was underestimated."


Though Fourni didn't have major cities, it was notable in the ancient world for its location along Aegean crossing routes, both east-west and north-south. Early Imperial Roman sources say that Fourni was very prosperous, had a robust population and had marble mines in full operation, Koutsouflakis said. But mentions of the archipelago in late Roman texts are scant, which is why the divers were surprised that about half of the wrecks found in the survey date to this period.

"By the late Roman period, we don't really know anything about the island," Koutsouflakis said. "Fourni is hardly mentioned in the sources of that time. You see that the shipwrecks tell us a more nuanced story. The island must have maintained importance as a harbor site."


The main component of these shipwrecks, wood, isn't likely to survive centuries at the bottom of the sea, unless it is buried in mud without oxygen to fuel decomposition. So far, the wrecks that have been found around Fourni bear few traces of the vessels themselves (though future underwater excavations may change that). Instead, the divers documented messy piles of lost cargo, mostly transport vessels like amphoras, which sank with their ships close to the cliffs on Fourni's coast.
22 ancient shipwrecks found off Greece (LiveScience) 
 
22 ancient shipwrecks found off Greece (LiveScience)
 
"A lot of times, you can see near the point of impact where the ships must have crashed, and then you have this scatter pile raining down the underwater slope of the cliff," Campbell said. "These aren't the nice ship-shaped piles of amphoras that you sometimes get in ships that wreck far out at sea. We probably do have some of those, but they're probably farther away from shore."

Campbell said that of the 22 newly discovered wrecks, three have unique cargos that have never been found before in Mediterranean shipwrecks: a trove of Archaic pots from nearby Samos that was probably destined for Cyprus, but didn't make it very far; a group of huge second-century A.D. amphoras from the Black Sea region; and a cache of "Sinopian carrots," or amphoras that come from Sinop on the Black Sea coast of Turkey and, as the name implies, are shaped vaguely like carrots.

Koutsouflakis and Campbell said they intend to go back to Fourni, equipped with underwater robots and other technologies, to search for more wrecks before they plan any underwater excavations. For now, they have taken artifact samples ashore for analysis at a laboratory in Athens, Greece, partly to try to find out what was on board — wine, oil, fish sauce — the ill-fated ships that met their demise at Fourni.

John Keel Would Have Loved This

Pinterest, despite twenty -20- attempts so far will NOT accept the Real Frankenstein posting link because of Keel's photo.  I bet it's those Ultra-terrestrials!

Some Times The Fakery Goes Too Far -Bear on Mars....oh boy

It has often been said that if a genuine extra terrestrial spacecraft and aliens were filmed and posted to the internet (especially You Tube) no one would believe it.  The same applies to genuine Sasquatch or even unknown sea creature footage/photos.

With findings in space no one is that interested because the internet prefers to promote "floating spoon on Mars" or "Buddha statue on Mars" or even "Imps"/"Creature" or now a bear....a feckin bear.  WHAT does it eat -rock? Dust? In a subterranean jungle world and just pops out now and again for fresh air.

Seriously, I have no idea if the person involved has a mental disorder, a sense of humour or GENUINELY believes this crap but it's far more important than water or oxygen found off-Earth, right?


Cranky morning.

SHOCK PICTURE: Call for UN probe after 'Bear pictured walking on Mars'

AN alien investigator has called for a United Nations probe into "discoveries of life on Mars" amid claims Nasa is ignoring "evidence" of animals on the Red Planet, including the latest so-called discovery - a bear.

Is this a bear or just an optical illusion?NASA
Is this a bear or just an optical illusion?
 
 
An image taken from Nasa's online database of Mars photographs has been posted online by UFO hunters amid claims it "clearly" shows a bear or other four-legged mammal walking on the surface of the Red Planet.

One of them, Scott C Waring, who edits website UFO Sightings Daily, is convinced it is a bear and the real deal.

He posts, on an almost daily basis an array of the Nasa images - which are taken by its 4WD Curiosity Rover currently exploring the Martian surface and beamed back to Earth - and points out what he says are "aliens, crabs, statues, buildings, other objects, and even crashed UFOs" hidden among the rocks.
Of the latest find, he said: "This creature has real hair as seen from the shadows around its body. That means its not a statue, but a living creature.

"This bear-like animal was discovered by Paranormal Crucible of Youtube. 
Zoomed in: Mammal on Mars or odd rock formation?NASA
Zoomed in: Mammal on Mars or odd rock formation?
The real thing back home on planet EarthGETTY
The real thing back home on planet Earth
"He has been making some great discoveries lately and this one takes that cake.

"I took the screenshots above directly from the NASA URL he gave, and I confirm, it is there."
Paranormal Crucible itself made no claim of it being a bear, but suggested it was a possible "hybrid rodent" or prarie dog-type creature.

The channel is also convinced it is proof of well-evolved animals roaming the Red Planet.
The narrator said: "It would appear, judging by this official Nasa image, that Mars does indeed have a species of rodent.

"But whatever this strange creature truly is, it confirms yet again that exotic Martian life does really exist on the Red Planet."
Bear or monkey? Scott Waring has coloured it brown and added a tail, which bears don't haveNASA•UFOSIGHTINGSDAILY
Bear or monkey? Scott Waring has coloured it brown and added a tail, which bears don't have

No. No "Unknown" Posters and Ghost Adventures

 
 Above: "Trust me"  Like Hell!


It is a strict policy that if you make a comment, an argument, against something I have posted you USE your name. Silly pseudonyms are not allowed because (a) it allows spammers and flamers in and (b) WHY be anonymous?

You decide.

BUT to answer a point....I was a BIG supporter of Ghost Adventures and I always made that point in my postings.  So, "Unknown" -YOU do YOUR research.

Nick Groff going back to Bobby Mackey's after SWEARING to his wife never to go back because of the evil there that followed him home....and now he's going back for another show. Fakery.

Now, on EVERY "paranormal" programme we do not hear about ghosts just "towering black shadowmen", "demons", "Satan" popping up every couple minutes (busy guy for a being that NEVER existed in the Bible (no "fallen angel" or Devil mentioned) until much later versions were re-written.  666 -the mark of the Beast (Satan)...no. That is NOT the alleged "number of the beast" -do research.

Insects and dust particles, spider webs DO NOT count as "manifestations of spirit energy".

You REALLY believe that gawd awful acting of Zak and Billy (that seasoned ghost hunter who now screams if he hears a noise) being possessed??  Really???

Their Halloween in Ireland special -a cat call...."a banshee".....Nick records a fox scream when he's in the tower.....its a tortured woman screaming.

EVERY single location has "evil", "Demons" or some feckin' "portal" or "doorway to hell" -if the Devil never existed then Hell (both created to keep Christian followers inline) certainly did not.

It's Trash TV to have on in the background.  From what it promised it has given us so many negatives -the Paranormal/haunting programmes already mentioned, but also "challenging" and hurling abuse at "spirits"....oh, and "demons".  And if I hear of one more recording of a "little girl" ghost or EVPs of said little girl saying "Mommy mommy" I will scream.  She's busier than Satan.

I can no longer trust the original Ghost Adventures documentary even -I cannot locate the physics professor who commented on the poltergeist video!

Three men alone...but with second film crew and staff....YOU want to stand up for them?  You go ahead but I am NOT going to champion fakery or those other TV shows ""This program is for entertainment purposes only" -do you ever read that big sign at the beginning?  Ghost Adventures ranks alongside Most Haunted in my opinion -a bit of time wasting TV.

I could go on and on but Ghost Adventures has finished as a subject for this blog.  You want to worship Bagans go ahead.  Believe what you want but do not ask me to drop my IQ level that low.

 

Thursday, 29 October 2015

Black Hole Has Major Flare -HOW?!


This diagram shows how a shifting feature, called a corona, can create a flare of X-rays around a black hole.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
 
The baffling and strange behaviors of black holes have become somewhat less mysterious recently, with new observations from NASA's Explorer missions Swift and the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR. The two space telescopes caught a supermassive black hole in the midst of a giant eruption of X-ray light, helping astronomers address an ongoing puzzle: How do supermassive black holes flare?


The results suggest that supermassive black holes send out beams of X-rays when their surrounding coronas -- sources of extremely energetic particles -- shoot, or launch, away from the black holes.
"This is the first time we have been able to link the launching of the corona to a flare," said Dan Wilkins of Saint Mary's University in Halifax, Canada, lead author of a new paper on the results appearing in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. "This will help us understand how supermassive black holes power some of the brightest objects in the universe."


Supermassive black holes don't give off any light themselves, but they are often encircled by disks of hot, glowing material. The gravity of a black hole pulls swirling gas into it, heating this material and causing it to shine with different types of light. Another source of radiation near a black hole is the corona. Coronas are made up of highly energetic particles that generate X-ray light, but details about their appearance, and how they form, are unclear.


Astronomers think coronas have one of two likely configurations. The "lamppost" model says they are compact sources of light, similar to light bulbs, that sit above and below the black hole, along its rotation axis. The other model proposes that the coronas are spread out more diffusely, either as a larger cloud around the black hole, or as a "sandwich" that envelops the surrounding disk of material like slices of bread. In fact, it's possible that coronas switch between both the lamppost and sandwich configurations.
The new data support the "lamppost" model -- and demonstrate, in the finest detail yet, how the light-bulb-like coronas move. The observations began when Swift, which monitors the sky for cosmic outbursts of X-rays and gamma rays, caught a large flare coming from the supermassive black hole called Markarian 335, or Mrk 335, located 324 million light-years away in the direction of the constellation Pegasus. This supermassive black hole, which sits at the center of a galaxy, was once one of the brightest X-ray sources in the sky.


"Something very strange happened in 2007, when Mrk 335 faded by a factor of 30. What we have found is that it continues to erupt in flares but has not reached the brightness levels and stability seen before," said Luigi Gallo, the principal investigator for the project at Saint Mary's University. Another co-author, Dirk Grupe of Morehead State University in Kentucky, has been using Swift to regularly monitor the black hole since 2007.


In September 2014, Swift caught Mrk 335 in a huge flare. Once Gallo found out, he sent a request to the NuSTAR team to quickly follow up on the object as part of a "target of opportunity" program, where the observatory's previously planned observing schedule is interrupted for important events. Eight days later, NuSTAR set its X-ray eyes on the target, witnessing the final half of the flare event.


After careful scrutiny of the data, the astronomers realized they were seeing the ejection, and eventual collapse, of the black hole's corona.


"The corona gathered inward at first and then launched upwards like a jet," said Wilkins. "We still don't know how jets in black holes form, but it's an exciting possibility that this black hole's corona was beginning to form the base of a jet before it collapsed."


How could the researchers tell the corona moved? The corona gives off X-ray light that has a slightly different spectrum -- X-ray "colors" -- than the light coming from the disk around the black hole. By analyzing a spectrum of X-ray light from Mrk 335 across a range of wavelengths observed by both Swift and NuSTAR, the researchers could tell that the corona X-ray light had brightened -- and that this brightening was due to the motion of the corona.


Coronas can move very fast. The corona associated with Mrk 335, according to the scientists, was traveling at about 20 percent the speed of light. When this happens, and the corona launches in our direction, its light is brightened in an effect called relativistic Doppler boosting.


Putting this all together, the results show that the X-ray flare from this black hole was caused by the ejected corona.


"The nature of the energetic source of X-rays we call the corona is mysterious, but now with the ability to see dramatic changes like this we are getting clues about its size and structure," said Fiona Harrison, the principal investigator of NuSTAR at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, who was not affiliated with the study.


Many other black hole brainteasers remain. For example, astronomers want to understand what causes the ejection of the corona in the first place.


NuSTAR is a Small Explorer mission led by Caltech and managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. NuSTAR was developed in partnership with the Danish Technical University and the Italian Space Agency (ASI). The spacecraft was built by Orbital Sciences Corp., Dulles, Virginia. NuSTAR's mission operations center is at UC Berkeley, and the official data archive is at NASA's High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center. ASI provides the mission's ground station and a mirror archive. JPL is managed by Caltech for NASA.

Story Source:
The above post is reprinted from materials provided by NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.

Mitochondrial DNA Recovered From Alaska’s Ancient Infants

Alaska infant DNA



(Courtesy Ben Potter, UAF)




FAIRBANKS, ALASKA—Archaeologist Ben Potter of the University of Alaska Fairbanks, and geneticists Dennis O’Rourke and Justin Tackney of the University of Utah have analyzed mitochondrial DNA recovered from the remains of two infants found at the Upward Sun River site in Interior Alaska.

The cremated remains of a three-year-old child were also recovered at the site, but they did not yield any genetic material. “These infants are the earliest human remains in northern North America and they carry distinctly Native American lineages.


These genetic variations had not previously been known to have existed this far north and speak to the early genetic diversity of the time,” O’Rourke said in a press release. O’Rourke adds that “there had to be a period of isolation for these distinctive Native American lineages to have evolved away from their Asian ancestors. We believe that was in Beringia.”

Human remains older than 8,000 years have been found at only eight sites in North America, and all five major Native American lineages have been found in them. “That indicates they were present in the early population in Beringia that gave rise to all modern Native Americans,” Tackney explained.


To read more, go to "America, in the Beginning."

 __________________________________________________________________________

Very interesting posting over at Archaerology http://archaeology.org/news/3832-151027-alaska-infant-dna
so next time some loud-mouth shouts out that Native Americans are a "minority" it might be worth pointing out that their native lineages can be traced back 11,500 years. Loud-mouths can probably only be traced back a few hundred!

That aside, these are very interesting results.

Rosetta Detects Molecular Oxygen

 
 
The amount of information coming back from Rosetta and other probes has been almost mind-blowing at times.  I suspect we may be in for a few more surprises yet.
 
 
_____________________________________________________________________ 
Rosetta’s detection of molecular oxygen
28 October 2015
  ESA’s Rosetta spacecraft has made the first in situ detection of oxygen molecules outgassing from a comet, a surprising observation that suggests they were incorporated into the comet during its formation.
Rosetta has been studying Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko for over a year and has detected an abundance of different gases pouring from its nucleus. Water vapour, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide are the most prolific, with a rich array of other nitrogen-, sulphur- and carbon-bearing species, and even ‘noble gases’ also recorded.

Oxygen is the third most abundant element in the Universe, but the simplest molecular version of the gas, O2, has proven surprisingly hard to track down, even in star-forming clouds, because it is highly reactive and readily breaks apart to bind with other atoms and molecules.

For example, oxygen atoms can combine with hydrogen atoms on cold dust grains to form water, or a free oxygen split from O2 by ultraviolet radiation can recombine with an O2 molecule to form ozone (O3).

Despite its detection on the icy moons of Jupiter and Saturn, O2 had been missing in the inventory of https://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?blogID=1852083566641563826#editor/target=post;postID=6708866505507146432volatile species associated with comets until now.
“We weren’t really expecting to detect O2 at the comet – and in such high abundance – because it is so chemically reactive, so it was quite a surprise,” says Kathrin Altwegg of the University of Bern, and principal investigator of the Rosetta Orbiter Spectrometer for Ion and Neutral Analysis instrument, ROSINA.

“It’s also unanticipated because there aren’t very many examples of the detection of interstellar O2. And thus, even though it must have been incorporated into the comet during its formation, this is not so easily explained by current Solar System formation models.”

The team analysed more than 3000 samples collected around the comet between September 2014 and March 2015 to identify the O2. They determined an abundance of 1–10% relative to H2O, with an average value of 3.80 ± 0.85%, an order of magnitude higher than predicted by models describing the chemistry in molecular clouds.

The amount of molecular oxygen detected showed a strong relationship to the amount of water measured at any given time, suggesting that their origin on the nucleus and release mechanism are linked. By contrast, the amount of O2 seen was poorly correlated with carbon monoxide and molecular nitrogen, even though they have a similar volatility to O2. In addition, no ozone was detected.

 

Comet on 18 October 2015 – NavCam 
 
 
Over the six-month study period, Rosetta was inbound towards the Sun along its orbit, and orbiting as close as 10–30 km from the nucleus. Despite the decreasing distance to the Sun, the O2/H2O ratio remained constant over time, and it also did not change with Rosetta’s longitude or latitude over the comet.

In more detail, the O2/H2O ratio was seen to decrease for high H2O abundances, an observation that might be influenced by surface water ice produced in the observed daily sublimation–condensation process.

The team explored the possibilities to explain the presence and consistently high abundance of O2 and its relationship to water, as well as the lack of ozone, by first considering photolysis and radiolysis of water ice over a range of timescales.  

In photolysis, photons break bonds between molecules, whereas radiolysis involves more energetic photons or fast electrons and ions depositing energy into ice and ionising molecules – a process observed on icy moons in the outer Solar System, and in Saturn’s rings. Either process can, in principle, lead to the formation and liberation of molecular oxygen.

Radiolysis will have operated over the billions of years that the comet spent in the Kuiper Belt and led to the build-up of O2 to a few metres depth. But these top layers must all have been removed in the time since the comet moved into its inner Solar System orbit, ruling this out as the source of the O2 seen today.

More recent generation of O2 via radiolysis and photolysis by solar wind particles and UV photons should only have occurred in the top few micrometres of the comet.

“But if this was the primary source of the O2 then we would have expected to see a decrease in the O2/H2O ratio as this layer was removed during the six-month timespan of our observations,” says Andre Bieler of the University of Michigan and lead author of the paper describing the new results in the journal Nature this week.

“The instantaneous generation of O2 also seems unlikely, as that should lead to variable O2 ratios under different illumination conditions. Instead, it seems more likely that primordial O2 was somehow incorporated into the comet’s ices during its formation, and is being released with the water vapour today.”

In one scenario, gaseous O2 would first be incorporated into water ice in the early protosolar nebula stage of our Solar System. Chemical models of protoplanetary discs predict that high abundances of gaseous O2 could be available in the comet forming zone, but rapid cooling from temperatures above –173ºC to less than –243ºC would be required to form water ice with O2 trapped on dust grains. The grains would then have to be incorporated into the comet without being chemically altered.

“Other possibilities include the Solar System being formed in an unusually warm part of a dense molecular cloud, at temperatures of 10–20ºC above the –263ºC or so typically expected for such clouds,” says Ewine van Dishoeck of Leiden Observatory in the Netherlands, co-author of the paper.
“This is still consistent with estimates for the comet formation conditions in the outer solar nebula, and also with previous findings at Rosetta’s comet regarding the low abundance of N2.”
 
Alternatively, radiolysis of icy dust grains could have taken place prior to the comet’s accretion into a larger body. In this case, the O2 would remain trapped in the voids of the water ice on the grains while the hydrogen diffused out, preventing the reformation of O2 to water, and resulting in an increased and stable level of O2 in the solid ice.

Incorporation of such icy grains into the nucleus could explain the observed strong correlation with H2O observed at the comet today.

“Regardless of how it was made, the O2 was also somehow protected during the accretion stage of the comet: this must have happened gently to avoid the O2 being destroyed by further chemical reactions,” adds Kathrin.

“This is an intriguing result for studies both within and beyond the comet community, with possible implications for our models of Solar System evolution,” says Matt Taylor, ESA’s Rosetta project scientist.

Notes for Editors
Abundant molecular oxygen in the coma of 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko,” by A. Bieler et al is published in the 29 October 2015 issue of the journal Nature.

Wednesday, 28 October 2015

AOP Face Book Page

I know you have to ask (me) for approval to join but I had hoped that if people were not willing to comment on the blog they might on a private group.

I've given it a go but I think I'll just leave the FB as it is but add nothing.

Pity as I was hoping to hear from people about their own experiences.

But if people do ever start joining the group I'll start up-datying there.

Ghostly critters from the deep sea: Stygiomedusa gigantea

There is so much we don't know about life in our oceans and the MBARI You Tube channel is an excellent place to find incredible footage like this. 



Still not filmed any very large unknown sea creatures yet!

The "Unidentified" Corfu Sea Creature

Here's one that ought to interest a few of you.  It's from The Mail Online and an item by Naomi Leach: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/travel_news/article-3291841/Mystery-deep-Tourist-baffled-bizarre-SEA-MONSTER-photobombed-holiday-snaps-Corfu.html


Mystery of the deep: Tourist baffled by bizarre SEA MONSTER captured on camera in Corfu

  • Harvey Robertson was on a boat trip and took the pictures inside a cave
  • He only noticed the animal in the water when he looked at his snaps later 
  • Experts have been unable to identify the creature which looks mythological


But a Scottish tourist was left in shock after unwittingly capturing the image of a bizarre sea creature in his holiday snaps. 

Harvey Robertson, 52, was on a boat cruise with his family in Corfu when he took a number of photographs inside a sea cave.

He held the camera over the side of the boat to take pictures of the sea.

But when he lifted his camera back up, Robertson later realised a mysterious creature had appeared in one of the frames.

Robertson said: 'I have no idea what it could have been, I have never seen anything like it.

'I caught the picture by accident. I was in a sea cave on a small boat about 20 miles south of Albania on the west coast of Greece.

'I was trying to capture the water colour and was not looking at the water, the flash went off. I only saw the creature when looking back through my pics.'

'The creature, that has so far been unable to be identified by experts, evokes images of Greek mythology.'

Harvey Robertson was taking photographs of the water when he realised the animal had invaded his frame
Harvey Robertson was taking photographs of the water when he realised the animal had invaded his frame

That's it.  Who were the experts unable to identify this?  What size was this thing and what type of camera was being used?

Let's have a look at the clearest photograph.

And let's enlarge that somewhat.


It looks rather shiny and plastic-like and those eyes have no "life" in them at all.  The distortion some think might be due to the water but I do not think so.  If you look we are seeing a rounded body -almost hippo-like.  Look at the head and what seem to be two rounded ears.  If you look to the right of the Hemedia logo, at an angle toward the head are what look like (large)  fingers reflected in the water, but this might just be me.

My opinion is that this is not a living creature but rather a toy and the nose/mouth area have been morphed on a computer.  It just looks like a hippo toy with elengated nose.

There isn't much to the story and if you are looking at the water and want to capture the colour of the water then you ought to see something like this but then we read "the flash went off" -so we have to ask what type of flash was used because there isn't much indication of camera flash here. 

Unless we can get all the necessary information we are left with two conclusions: someone dropped a hippo toy into the water and it turned up in the wrong place at the right time, or, this is a hoax because toys do not use computer programs to morph themselves.


THE Grey Book

As one after another member of the AOP Bureau passed away -some were in their 60s though Franklyn A. Davin-Wilson was 43 years of age when he died following an operation- the burden of running the Grey Book Project fell to me.

Notes on research and investigation as well as cases were made in a series of bulky grey covered books.  Let's not go into too long a story that I should not tell but I only managed to keep the 1990-1996 Grey Book with pages, charts and much more added to it.  By 1990 Grey Book had 'officially' ended though I was called in to offer help or advice in certain cases. These included the attempt by the Uri Geller Magazine to smuggle in "remains of a dead alien found in Isreal" amongst others.

I have been asked though, because no one is getting their hands on the contents of this book which is kept securely locked away unless I need to refer to it, "just what is in the book?"  A mess.  Seriously, notes written while going up huge conveyer belts, on trains, in cars or scribbled down as things occur or when something pertinent to research or an investigation popped up.

So, here are some snap shots without comment.






Open Project Invitation To Serious UFO Researchers



Below are all the main file report folders regarding Alien Entities and CE IIIK encounters I have accumulated since 1977.  Eight contain UK reports.

In the main the report summaries from every corner of the globe up until the 1990s (see explanation that follows ib main text) can contain a paragraph, page or several pages -all with references.  Second from the left on the bottom shelf is the United States folder.

There are many old cases that have never been trabslated into English will probably not be in this data base. What follows is part of a document sent out to some European, Mexican and US Ufologists.  If you are a serious researcher then here is your opportunity to help complete a permanent database for research.

Please contact me via blacktowercg@hotmail.com
Humanoid Close Encounter Of The Third Kind (CE IIIK)
                                     Catalogue


Terry Hooper-Scharf

Anomalous Observational Phenomena Bureau


 Note: (“AE” seemed to be non-commital in the sense that it was not claiming extra-terrestrial or other origins for what were reported as living entities just stating these things were “Alien” or strange to us in every day life)



Brief Introduction


When I first got interested in the subject of UFOS, around 1973, it was still quite common to refer to these as “flying Saucers” and if you even thought about considering the possibility that any living creature might be in these objects, well, you were a “bit odd”.

In fact, it was still accepted that George Adamski and his Venusians, Martians, Saturnians and others were “genuine” despite the accounts have huge indicators in them that screamed “hoax”.  Other Contactees were also still accepted.

I recall discussing what I termed “Alien Entity” with the UKs oldest flying saucer group –the British Flying Saucer Bureau (BFSB) which was an amalgam of the Flying Saucer Club and UK branch of the International Flying Saucer Bureau set up by Albert K. Bender.  The reaction was derisory laughter because these reports “tend to come from crackpots or people who are hallucinating” –the BFSB up until the late 1980s still held George Adamski to be a truthful contactee with denizens of other planets.

The only helpful response I got was from the BFSBs long time Director of Investigation and Research (a job I later took on) Graham F. N. Knewstub. Graham was towing the BFSB line but made it clear that if such reports existed then they did need to be looked into seriously.  The BFSB had, in its early newsletter, Flying Saucer News, briefly reported on a couple of UK CE IIIK/AE cases but to my shock they had not been thoroughly investigated –rather discarded.

Franklyn A. Davin-Wilson was a BFSB Committee Member who did encourage investigation and even set me off pursuing cases that had creature but no UFO reported.  Like Graham Knestub, Franklyn suggested that I contact the two foremost UFO groups in the UK: Contact UK and the British UFO Research Association (BUFORA).
At BUFORA, only Norman Oliver, who had investigated a number of AE cases including a possible abduction during World War II (Albert Lancashire), was willing to support work looking at such cases. But BUFORA as a whole looked on “humanoid”/”Alien” sightings as “not kosher”. 

When US researcher Ted Bloecher asked for the UK section of his Hum-Cat (Humanoid Catalogue) to be up-dated in the late 1970s, he turned to BUFORA who were totally lost until the Director of Research pointed out that I kept a catalogue of such cases.  And so I up-dated the UK section of Hum-Cat –for which BUFORA took full credit.

BUFORA were, in fact, not much help at all.

Contact UK were far more open to AE accounts but investigation was not good.  Brinsley Le Poer Trench (Lord Clancarty) told me that there had been, in the mid 1960s, a case similar to that of Antonio Villas Boas that was handed to Contact UK to investigate.  At the time the AVB case was unknown in the UK.  When I asked Contact UK if I could see its case report I was told that they could not find one or any reference to the abductee, Eugene Brown but just had basic details.


Ufology in the UK became embroiled in a war between “New Ufologists” who thought it was “all psychological” and the “nuts and bolts ETH” faction. In fact, New Ufologists seemed to twist or even alter sections of reported cases to suit whatever theory they had at the time or article/book they were trying to sell.

Seeing “prominent UFO investigators” state in magazines, on TV and on radio that UFOs were all psychological stopped a lot of people reporting UFO sightings because they were frightened of being called “mental” –and if you were a “nut-case” for reporting a UFO what were you if you reported a UFO and landing and AEs?

And I can tell you this because I spoke to more than a few people put in that position.  I met one woman in her thirties who had life long experiences seeing UFOs and perhaps even an AE on one occasion.  She was passed from UFO group to group and when I inquired about her from one group I was told “she’s not all there in the head”.  In fact, I examined her face after one incident –it was swollen and red and quite warm on one side only.  Correspondence she sent me echoed things that have only come to light in US cases since the 1990s –but this was in the 1970s.

Another woman in her thirties had various sightings and at least two encounters since childhood.  Again, mocked and not taken seriously but I spent a great deal of time talking to her and her husband.  Fellow Ufologists even attempted to prevent investigation by stating I was having an affair with the woman –but I learnt a lot from police methods.  Any interview was either with her husband present or at my grand parents home where I lived so there was no possibility of an “affair”.  The woman was married but it made no difference to my colleagues who wanted her gone from the scene because AE reports were “total rot and rubbish –she’s unhinged!”

In the 1970s I began noting in articles for the BUFORA Journal and other publications, the number of “Time Lapse” cases.  BUFORA were not going to accept that.  In fact, when it came to the Betty and Barney Hill case I was even told the cases couldn’t be taken seriously –“Come on, it’s a white woman married to a black man!”

It turned out that BUFORA had a few totally un- investigated Time Lapse (or “Missing Time”) cases but when I tried to follow them up the witnesses wanted nothing further to do with UFO investigators.

The UK was also getting mixed bag reporting from its UFO/flying saucer publications.  Cases from Europe known by investigators in the countries involved to be hoaxes or true psychological cases, were reported as genuine and defying explanation –even though it is known those publications knew the true explanation.

I have a dozen or so of the big Lever Arch files that contain reports from around the world of AEs.  These reports vary from a sentence (all that was published in English) to paragraph or page or several pages in some cases. Summaries are placed in these of books dealing with specific encounters such as the Hills, Travis Walton, etc.

I have been lucky in that noted researchers outside the UK have been able to furnish information on cases from their countries such as  Luis R. Gonzalez  and  Anders Liljegren –the information being sent in English language format means accounts in English language publications can be accurately corrected for researchers.

The Catalogue/Data Base

The idea of the Humanoid Close Encounter Of The Third Kind (CE IIIK) Catalogue is to try to build up as complete as possible a data base of case summaries in the English language.  As it is hoped that Italian, Spanish, German, French, Nederlands and other countries researchers will cooperate there was to be a common language used.  English seems to best option since it allows me to coordinate and, if a researcher from, say, Spain asks what cases I have from that country I can list these and if necessary scan the report entries (which would contain location, date, time, report summary, sources, etc). 

These scans would be free of charge, obviously, this is absolutely not a project to make money but a research project.  It makes sense than a data base that covers many countries and to which many researchers contribute should be in English and free of any charge –the idea of charging a “fee for services” appals me slightly!

But we need to first work out certain aspects –I’ll go through some of these now.



Since Budd Hopkins’ Missing Time, TV, movies and popular culture has resulted in an explosion of reported “abductions” involving “Greys”.  The fact that these “Greys” tend to vary in description has not worried many it seems. The artists, under guidance from investigators, produce a number of interpretations of “Greys” all of which are described as “the standard Grey alien” –even illustrations of Betty and Barney Hills’ abductors have been altered to look like “the Greys” –and the famous Kelly-Hopkinsville AEs have gotten similar treatment.

According to Hopkins and Dr David M. Jacobs, both of whom I have corresponded with, they estimate a “conservative 2% of the world’s human population” has been abducted –a generational event.  The current Earth population of humans stands at +/- 7.3 billion.  So if 2% of this figure consists of abductees then that means there are 146,000,000 million abductees.  All, we are told, abducted by The Greys who were, up until the 1980s, not really known –the idea that they all look like Whitley Streiber’s alien on the cover of Communion is not really born out my some witness illustrations that vary and the use of hypnosis has not help spread anything but confusion.

We have “missing foetus syndrome” –exploited in way by some UFO researchers yet was more than adequately explained by veteran Ufologist Ann B. Druffel (Druffel. A/ 1991. “”Missing Foetus” Case Solved.” MUFON Journal 283:8-12).  Up until the work of Hopkins and then Jacobs I am unaware of any cases of women abducted, impregnated and who lose the foetus –let alone huge chambers filled with a vast number of foetuses floating in “embryonic fluid”.

Whether we are dealing with a mass psychosis or something else, which in previous non-UFO generations was symbolised by faeries, “the old hag” or whatever, the exploitation of these people for the “next big angle” in alien abductions continues.  It has gone from generational abductions (ie: the great grand mother, the grand mother then the daughter and her daughter are all abductees) to even accounts of seeing Greys “pre-birth” and even in “previous lives”.  Now we are told, by Dr Jacobs and many others that the alien hybrids have taken control and are amongst us (Jacobs, Walking Among Us: The Alien Plan To Control Humanity, Disinformation Books Ltd, 2015).

Most UFO investigators are not prepared for what the task involves –once an alleged alien abductee is taken on as a case that investigator has a duty of care to insure they are helped rather than exploited for a file/book or whatever.  It has developed in such way that abductee cases are being investigated by other abductees or “Experiencers” depending on what slant they look at these cases from. 

So, the new abductee, having read books or seen a TV programme about UFO abductions is now told what happened to them and they add things from this which others say “that’s just like me!”  And worse are the number of abductees who read all the books by Hopkins or Jacobs and the material subconsciously builds up.
The question is: should these cases be included in a data base proposed here?  Or should there simply be an entry for cases we know of such as:

“Jon Smith   Reports that he has been abducted since a child by Greys”

Followed by a source reference or group/investigator contact info?  Maintaining a data base with full case history of every person claiming to have been abducted by Greys would require a warehouse.

Firstly, I think the best idea is to up-date a data base with all reports made prior to Hopkins’ books or TV series such as Dark Skies, The X-Files, et al. So up to 1985?

Then cases would be added that are reported after that date that refer to AEs that do not match the standard Greys abduction scenario unless the entities look similar but there are either multiple witnesses (unknown to each other), physical traces that have been investigated or other factors -?

Format.  I would suggest Word Doc. Files for each case for a simple reason.  If the case reports are in English then a researcher in Italy or Germany could, if necessary, copy and paste from Word Doc. To something like Google Translate –not perfect I know but possibly the best we can do at present.

The biggest problem would be in getting a researcher from any country involved who would be responsible for gathering and translating the reports into English for the data base.  Not perfect English because corrections can be made.

The stance of the AOP B and this catalogue is simple: it has to be impartial. If witnesses simply report a UFO and AE –no more- then that is what it is classed as: we have nothing to state with 100% certainty the origins.  If an abductee states he/she were told the abductors were from outer space, another dimension or where ever then that is stated in the report –because unless we can prove other wise who are we to argue?

If a case is believed to be a hoax or even a psychological case or perhaps even a mis-identification of something, the investigator needs to note this along with reasons why he/she suspects or has proven this.

Is this workable?  If researchers from different countries cannot cooperate on this project in 2015 and beyond then then we really are in a mess.  We need to sort out fact from sensationalism.  Give ourselves a solid data base we can build on because apart from the Grey obsessed UFO groups/investigators and sensationalist TV programmes and magazine articles we have no other sources –whose information can we trust?

That is the long winded proposal.  All that is needed now is for, I hope, Ufologists to spread the word and contribute.

Please contact me via email if you have any questions and thank you!

Tuesday, 27 October 2015

10,000-year-old extinct lion cubs discovered in near-perfect condition in Siberian permafrost


Embedded image permalink


 http://theweek.com/speedreads/585391/10000yearold-extinct-lion-cubs-discovered-nearperfect-condition-siberian-permafrost


Two extinct cave lion cubs were discovered in permafrost in northeastern Siberia, a "sensational" and unprecedented find according to The Siberian Times. The cubs are believed to be at least 10,000 years old, though they might be even older, and were found almost perfectly preserved thanks to the permafrost.


The region where the cubs were discovered, the Sakha Republic, has yielded discoveries before, including woolly mammoths, woolly rhinoceros, bison, and horses. The remains of the lions are the most complete specimens of their kind ever discovered, according to researchers involved.


Cave lions lived during the Middle to Late Pleistocene eras in Eurasia, the British Isles, to the far east of Russia, and into Alaska and northwestern Canada. Their extinction remains something of a mystery because they had few predators and, due to their smaller size, they wouldn't get trapped in bogs like woolly mammoths and rhinos.


One theory is that their extinction might have been due to a decline in prey. By studying the cubs, scientists hope to reach firmer conclusions. Jeva Lange

Don't Be Fooled -The Greys Are Still Out To Get You...

Maybe they just test eyes differently where they come from?

Sunday, 25 October 2015

Memories Are Made Of These....even bad ones!!

Oh, how the years fly!   I was going through the Hooper Report: Final Report of Project Grey Book, which has been edited to the extent that it can be published as an historical document looking at the AOP Bureau work and solution to UFOs.

Yes, if I ever get round to typing the near 500+ pages (cut down from 1,900+ pages) people will see what Ufologists in this country were offered a view of back in 1983 (three years after the Report was written) but flatly refused to even see a copy of -and I do still have the written responses from BUFORA and "leading Ufologists"!

But I came across a forgotten photograph in the Report.  It is one of a young, bearded man standing near to one of RAF Manston's radar units in 1979 at a time of high activity.

Sadly, the "AOP B" badge on the left sleeve cannot really be seen -no digital photos in those days.

Ahhh. To still have that hair!

Just How Old IS The Plague??

Like I keep writing and saying, "We" keep finding out more and more and correcting text books and re-writing history and that is what true science is about.

According to Cambridge University Research page: http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/plague-in-humans-twice-as-old-but-didnt-begin-as-flea-borne-ancient-dna-reveals

Plague in humans ‘twice as old’ but didn’t begin as flea-borne, ancient DNA reveals

New research dates plague back to the early Bronze Age, showing it had been endemic in humans across Eurasia for millennia prior to first recorded global outbreak, and that ancestral plague mutated into its bubonic, flea-borne form between the 2nd and 1st millennium BC.

These results show that the ancient DNA has the potential not only to map our history and prehistory, but also discover how disease may have shaped it
Eske Willerslev
New research using ancient DNA has revealed that plague has been endemic in human populations for more than twice as long as previously thought, and that the ancestral plague would have been predominantly spread by human-to-human contact – until genetic mutations allowed Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis), the bacteria that causes plague, to survive in the gut of fleas.


These mutations, which may have occurred near the turn of the 1st millennium BC, gave rise to the bubonic form of plague that spreads at terrifying speed through flea – and consequently rat – carriers. The bubonic plague caused the pandemics that decimated global populations, including the Black Death, which wiped out half the population of Europe in the 14th century.


Before its flea-borne evolution, however, researchers say that plague was in fact endemic in the human populations of Eurasia at least 3,000 years before the first plague pandemic in historical records (the Plague of Justinian in 541 AD).


They say the new evidence that Y. pestis bacterial infection in humans actually emerged around the beginning of the Bronze Age suggests that plague may have been responsible for major population declines believed to have occurred in the late 4th and early 3rd millennium BC. 


The work was conducted by an international team including researchers from the universities of Copenhagen, Denmark, and Cambridge, UK, and the findings are published today in the journal Cell.
“We found that the Y. pestis lineage originated and was widespread much earlier than previously thought, and we narrowed the time window as to when and how it developed,” said senior author Professor Eske Willerslev, who recently joined Cambridge University’s Department of Zoology from the University of Copenhagen.


“The underlying mechanisms that facilitated the evolution of Y. pestis are present even today. Learning from the past may help us understand how future pathogens may arise and evolve,” he said.


Researchers analysed ancient genomes extracted from the teeth of 101 adults dating from the Bronze Age and found across the Eurasian landmass.


They found Y. pestis bacteria in the DNA of seven of the adults, the oldest of whom died 5,783 years ago – the earliest evidence of plague. Previously, direct molecular evidence for Y. pestis had not been obtained from skeletal material older than 1,500 years.

However, six of the seven plague samples were missing two key genetic components found in most modern strains of plague: a “virulence gene” called ymt, and a mutation in an “activator gene” called pla.
The ymt gene protects the bacteria from being destroyed by the toxins in flea guts, so that it multiplies, choking the flea’s digestive tract. This causes the starving flea to frantically bite anything it can, and, in doing so, spread the plague.


The mutation in the pla gene allows Y. pestis bacteria to spread across different tissues, turning the localised lung infection of pneumonic plague into one of the blood and lymph nodes.


Researchers concluded these early strains of plague could not have been carried by fleas without ymt. Nor could they cause bubonic plague – which affects the lymphatic immune system, and inflicts the infamous swollen buboes of the Black Death – without the pla mutation.


Consequently, the plague that stalked populations for much of the Bronze Age must have been pneumonic, which directly affects the respiratory system and causes desperate, hacking coughing fits just before death. Breathing around infected people leads to inhalation of the bacteria, the crux of its human-to-human transmission. 

Study co-author Dr Marta Mirazón-Lahr, from Cambridge’s Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies (LCHES), points out that a study earlier this year from Willerslev’s Copenhagen group showed the Bronze Age to be a highly active migratory period, which could have led to the spread of pneumonic plague.


“The Bronze Age was a period of major metal weapon production, and it is thought increased warfare, which is compatible with emerging evidence of large population movements at the time. If pneumonic plague was carried as part of these migrations, it would have had devastating effects on small groups they encountered,” she said. 


“Well-documented cases have shown the pneumonic plague’s chain of infection can go from a single hunter or herder to ravaging an entire community in two to three days.”


The most recent of the seven ancient genomes to reveal Y. pestis in the new study has both of the key genetic mutations, indicating an approximate timeline for the evolution that spawned flea-borne bubonic plague.



“Among our samples, the mutated plague strain is first observed in Armenia in 951 BC, yet is absent in the next most recent sample from 1686 BC – suggesting bubonic strains evolve and become fixed in the late 2nd and very early 1st millennium BC,” said Mirazón-Lahr.


“However, the 1686 BC sample is from the Altai mountains near Mongolia. Given the distance between Armenia and Altai, it’s also possible that the Armenian strain of bubonic plague has a longer history in the Middle East, and that historical movements during the 1st millennium BC exported it elsewhere.”
The Books of Samuel in the Bible describe an outbreak of plague among the Philistines in 1320 BC, complete with swellings in the groin, which the World Health Organization has argued fits the description of bubonic plague. Mirazón-Lahr suggests this may support the idea of a Middle Eastern origin for the plague’s highly lethal genetic evolution.


Co-author Professor Robert Foley, also from Cambridge’s LCHES, suggests that the lethality of bubonic plague may have required the right population demography before it could thrive.


“Every pathogen has a balance to maintain. If it kills a host before it can spread, it too reaches a ‘dead end’. Highly lethal diseases require certain demographic intensity to sustain them.


“The endemic nature of pneumonic plague was perhaps more adapted for an earlier Bronze Age population. Then, as Eurasian societies grew in complexity and trading routes continued to open up, maybe the conditions started to favour the more lethal form of plague,” Foley said.


“The Bronze Age is the edge of history, and ancient DNA is making what happened at this critical time more visible,” he said.


Willerslev added: “These results show that the ancient DNA has the potential not only to map our history and prehistory, but also discover how disease may have shaped it.”
Inset image: Map showing where the remains of the Bronze Age plague victims were found.