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The report on wildlife in Nepal, Bhutan, the far north of Burma, southern Tibet and north-eastern India has revealed discoveries in the past five years including 133 plants, 26 species of fish, 10 new amphibians, one reptile, one bird and one mammal.
Among the discoveries was vibrant blue dwarf “walking” snakehead fish, found in West Bengal, India, which breathes air, can survive on land for up to four days and can writhe and wriggle up to quarter of a mile over wet ground between bodies of water.
Also discovered was the snub-nosed monkey - or ‘Snubby’ as he is nicknamed by locals - who is easy to find in wet weather as the rain would get into its upturned nose, causing it to sneeze.
The report found that the monkeys would sit with their heads tucked between their knees when it was raining to try and avoid a sneezing fit.
The report warned of the threats facing the newly-discovered species, with just a quarter of the original habitats in the region still intact and hundreds of plants and animals living in the Eastern Himalayas considered to be globally threatened.
It is thought that climate change is the most serious threat to the region, while population growth, deforestation, poaching, mining, overgrazing, the wildlife trade, pollution and development of hydroelectric dams are all putting pressure on nature in the Eastern Himalayas.
Heather Sohl, WWF-UK’s chief adviser of species, said: “These discoveries show that there is still a huge amount to learn about the species that share our world.
Dechen Dorji of WWF Bhutan added: "The discovery of 211 new species from one of the most biologically rich regions of the world is a celebration of the amazing gift of nature.
"With discovery, comes the important responsibility to continue protecting and caring for these precious gift that this world has been blessed with.”
WWF is supporting countries in the region to develop "green” economies that value nature and the services it provides to millions of people living in the Eastern Himalayas, such as through sustainable hydropower schemes and helping people adapt to climate change.