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Monday, 13 June 2016

Parallel Earths, Time Slips, Time Travellers and Ghosts -All The Same Thing?

To me, time travel is a science fiction device used by authors and TV/Movie and even comic creators.  You can get good stories out of it but there were always two big flaws that, however much I tried to work through, I never could.

If you look into accounts of ghosts you will hear all sorts of theories including the Stone Tape Theory which would take up too much time but, luckily, Wikipedia deals with it: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_Tape

Now, the Stone Tape Theory might work if the same type of things is replayed over and over through decades but there are cases in which the accounts purport to be of percipients involved in Time Slips: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_slip  These are usually involving buildings or places where someone has stayed but turn out to have not been there for "many years" yet the person was in a physical location or even ghosts challenging people as "intruders".  These could all be just personal breakdowns in reality -something that may explain alien abduction scenarios -I'm looking into one case from the 1970s that involves UFOs, doubles of persons known to the witness and Sasquatch amongst other things.


But Time Slips have featured in many faked videos such as the 1920s old lady using a mobile phone or photographs of a car or other items in photographs taken "a hundred years before" the said items were invented.   The Saqqara Bird -did ancient Egyptians build an aircraft or did they carve an image of some future aircraft lost in time from, say, the Bermuda Triangle? http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-technology/controversial-saqqara-bird-00386

 
How about this for a claim regarding the above? "These are jewelry pieces found in Inca ruins dating back to 1000 years ago. They seem to depict jet fighters from the 20th century, with an artisitic flair."

It is claimed that some Meso Americans saw these "aircraft" -that came from a time slip or from space.  The Tolima "fighter jets" have filled many chapters of many books and minutes of TV.
http://ancientaliensdebunked.com/references-and-transcripts/tolima-fighter-jets/

It tends to all blur in the mind. I have never stated that I do not believe the Earth could have been visited by entities from other planets in the past. I tend to disagree a lot with Carl Sagan but he got it right when he stated the same thing and added "there just is no evidence of such visits".

Bermuda Triangle (well, Bermuda "Lozenge" shape in reality) victims? No. So no time slip. Probably the best known Time Slip is the Moberly-Jourdain Incident:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moberly%E2%80%93Jourdain_incident

Again, I can't see this as a possibility. You see:

(1) The past is gone.  Over so it's not "there".

(2) The future has not happened yet so it isn't there.

Time Slips back and forth.  No.

However, since the 1970s I have thought that the Parallel Universe theory might explain some cases. Where you have what seems to be an intelligent "haunting" could we be dealing with some kind of breach in a multiversal reality?  To be honest I really do think a good solid case of this "intelligent haunting" needs to be proven since we know from Poltergeist phenomena that the human mind may be capable of a great deal -and deceptive if unknowingly so. And, yes, I have seen minor poltergeist-like events -after doubting some things my mother claimed to have seen (basically, "Here you go Mr Know-it-all!").

If we support the -unproven- theory of the multiverse and parallel Earths then is it likely that, say, 5, 10 or 20 are all currently in the year 2016?  Depending on many, many factors, it is possible that some are more advance in stages of civilisation and scientific development than we are.  It is also possible that some are less well developed scientifically or socially than our Earth.

The Black Death -one of many plagues that hit Europe in its history-  that arrived in Europe by sea in October, 1346/47 when some 12 Genoese trading ships docked at the Sicilian port of Messina after a long journey through the Black Sea. There are various other theories of origin and even that more than one form of plague was responsible.  75-200 million deaths occurred during 1346-1353 some 30-60% of Europe's population -it is believed that, in total, the plague reduced the world population from an estimated 450 million down to 350–375 million in the 14th century and the world population as a whole did not recover to pre-plague levels until the 17th century (1) 

On another Earth the population may not have recovered so well and technology developed more slowly. You can talk and argue this sort of scenario out for hours.  But here is the point (I know you were hoping I'd get down to it soon!) . Someone says that they were walking at "this" location or staying at "that" house and encountered a seemingly solid -"as you or I!"- ghost. The "ghost" seemed taken aback by the percipient and a very brief conversation takes place and when the percipient asks "Are you aware that you are dead?" the "ghost" looks at them as though they were touched or state they are not dead. Some even give the year or other information then -pop! Gone.

Here is the possibility: the percipient could be both the "ghost" or the person seeing the "ghost".  In some journal of 1899 on a parallel Earth someone could write an entry on how they encountered a curious ghost who had no idea it was dead but thought he/she was!  And in 2016 someone goes on the internet or writes to some paranormal group about meeting and talking to a "spirit" of a person who 'died' in 1899 -it even gave the year! 

Two percipients and two 'ghosts'. 

Or two people on different Earths whose paths crossed at the same geographic point when barriers between those Earths somehow weakened -each making an incursion into the others world?

I have a list of questions in my mind to ask if I ever come across such a "ghost" -"Who on Earth is Abraham Lincoln?" as a response to one might be a good give away.

Brain hurt yet?






 Our Universe May Exist in a Multiverse, Cosmic Inflation Discovery Suggests


 This article from April by Elizabeth Howell on Space.com gives you something to think about and there are links on the page if you want to delve further into this.

Parallel Universes: Theories & Evidence

By Elizabeth Howell, Space.com Contributor


Parallel Universes: Theories & Evidence
Our universe may live in one bubble that is sitting in a network of bubble universes in space.

Is our universe unique? From science fiction to science fact, there is a proposal out there that suggests that there could be other universes besides our own, where all the choices you made in this life played out in alternate realities. So, instead of turning down that job offer that took you from the United States to China, the alternate universe would show the outcome if you decided to venture to Asia instead.

The idea is pervasive in comic books and movies. For example, in the 2009 "Star Trek" reboot, the premise is that the Kirk and Spock portrayed by Chris Pine and Zachary Quinto are in an alternate timeline apart from the William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy versions of the characters. 

The concept is known as a "parallel universe," and is a facet of the astronomical theory of the multiverse. There actually is quite a bit of evidence out there for a multiverse. First, it is useful to understand how our universe is believed to have come to be.

Arguing for a multiverse

Around 13.7 billion years ago, simply speaking, everything we know of in the cosmos was an infinitesimal singularity. Then, according to theBig Bang theory, some unknown trigger caused it to expand and inflate in three-dimensional space. As the immense energy of this initial expansion cooled, light began to shine through. Eventually, the small particles began to form into the larger pieces of matter we know today, such as galaxies, stars and planets.

One big question with this theory is: are we the only universe out there. With our current technology, we are limited to observations within this universe because the universe is curved and we are inside the fishbowl, unable to see the outside of it (if there is an outside.)

There are at least five theories why a multiverse is possible, as a 2012 Space.com article explained

1. We don't know what the shape of space-time is exactly. One prominent theory is that it is flat and goes on forever. This would present the possibility of many universes being out there. But with that topic in mind, it's possible that universes can start repeating themselves. That's because particles can only be put together in so many ways. More about that in a moment.

2. Another theory for multiple universes comes from "eternal inflation." Based on research from Tufts University cosmologist Alexander Vilenkin, when looking at space-time as a whole, some areas of space stop inflating like the Big Bang inflated our own universe. Others, however, will keep getting larger. So if we picture our own universe as a bubble, it is sitting in a network of bubble universes of space. What's interesting about this theory is the other universes could have very different laws of physics than our own, since they are not linked.

3. Or perhaps multiple universes can follow the theory of quantum mechanics (how subatomic particles behave), as part of the "daughter universe" theory. If you follow the laws of probability, it suggests that for every outcome that could come from one of your decisions, there would be a range of universes — each of which saw one outcome come to be. So in one universe, you took that job to China. In another, perhaps you were on your way and your plane landed somewhere different, and you decided to stay. And so on.

4. Another possible avenue is exploring mathematical universes, which, simply put, explain that the structure of mathematics may change depending in which universe you reside. "A mathematical structure is something that you can describe in a way that's completely independent of human baggage," said theory-proposer Max Tegmark of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as quoted in the 2012 article. "I really believe that there is this universe out there that can exist independently of me that would continue to exist even if there were no humans."

5. And last but not least as the idea of parallel universes. To go back to the idea that space-time is flat, the number of possible particle configurations in multiple universes would be limited to 10^10^122 distinct possibilities, to be exact. So, with an infinite number of cosmic patches, the particle arrangements within them must repeat — infinitely many times over. This means there are infinitely many "parallel universes": cosmic patches exactly the same as ours (containing someone exactly like you), as well as patches that differ by just one particle's position, patches that differ by two particles' positions, and so on down to patches that are totally different from ours.
Arguing against a parallel universe

Not everyone agrees with the parallel universe theory, however. A 2015 article on Medium by astrophysicist Ethan Siegal agreed that space-time could go on forever in theory, but said that there are some limitations with that idea.

The key problem is the universe is just under 14 billion years old. So our universe's age itself is obviously not infinite, but a finite amount. This would (simply put) limit the number of possibilities for particles to rearrange themselves, and sadly make it less possible that your alternate self did get on that plane after all to see China.

Also, the expansion at the beginning of the universe took place exponentially because there was so much "energy inherent to space itself," he said. But over time, that inflation obviously slowed — those particles of matter created at the Big Bang are not continuing to expand, he pointed out. Among his conclusions: that means that multiverses would have different rates of inflation and different times (longer or shorter) for inflation. This decreases the possibilities of universes similar to our own.

"Even setting aside issues that there may be an infinite number of possible values for fundamental constants, particles and interactions, and even setting aside interpretation issues such as whether the many-worlds-interpretation actually describes our physical reality," Siegal said, "the fact of the matter is that the number of possible outcomes rises so quickly — so much faster than merely exponentially — that unless inflation has been occurring for a truly infinite amount of time, there are no parallel universes identical to this one."

But rather than seeing this lack of other universes as a limitation, Siegal instead takes the philosophy that it shows how important it is to celebrate being unique. He advises to make the choices that work for you, which "leave you with no regrets." That's because there are no other realities where the choices of your dream self play out; you, therefore, are the only person that can make those choices happen.

-           

(1) Wheeler, Dr. L. Kip. "The Black Plague: The Least You Need to Know". Dr. Wheeler's website. Dr. L. Kip Wheeler. Retrieved 9 August 2015).

Parallel Universes: Theories & Evidence

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Parallel Universes: Theories & Evidence
Our universe may live in one bubble that is sitting in a network of bubble universes in space.
Credit: Sandy MacKenzie | Shutterstock
Is our universe unique? From science fiction to science fact, there is a proposal out there that suggests that there could be other universes besides our own, where all the choices you made in this life played out in alternate realities. So, instead of turning down that job offer that took you from the United States to China, the alternate universe would show the outcome if you decided to venture to Asia instead.
The idea is pervasive in comic books and movies. For example, in the 2009 "Star Trek" reboot, the premise is that the Kirk and Spock portrayed by Chris Pine and Zachary Quinto are in an alternate timeline apart from the William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy versions of the characters.
The concept is known as a "parallel universe," and is a facet of the astronomical theory of the multiverse. There actually is quite a bit of evidence out there for a multiverse. First, it is useful to understand how our universe is believed to have come to be. 
- See more at: http://www.space.com/32728-parallel-universes.html?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=facebook&utm_campaign=socialfbspc&cmpid=social_spc_514630#sthash.mz4yaJFI.dpuf

Parallel Universes: Theories & Evidence

  • 13K
  • 1057
  • 106
  • 44
  • 2507
  • MORE

Parallel Universes: Theories & Evidence
Our universe may live in one bubble that is sitting in a network of bubble universes in space.
Credit: Sandy MacKenzie | Shutterstock
Is our universe unique? From science fiction to science fact, there is a proposal out there that suggests that there could be other universes besides our own, where all the choices you made in this life played out in alternate realities. So, instead of turning down that job offer that took you from the United States to China, the alternate universe would show the outcome if you decided to venture to Asia instead.
The idea is pervasive in comic books and movies. For example, in the 2009 "Star Trek" reboot, the premise is that the Kirk and Spock portrayed by Chris Pine and Zachary Quinto are in an alternate timeline apart from the William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy versions of the characters.
The concept is known as a "parallel universe," and is a facet of the astronomical theory of the multiverse. There actually is quite a bit of evidence out there for a multiverse. First, it is useful to understand how our universe is believed to have come to be. 
- See more at: http://www.space.com/32728-parallel-universes.html?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=facebook&utm_campaign=socialfbspc&cmpid=social_spc_514630#sthash.mz4yaJFI.dpuf

Parallel Universes: Theories & Evidence

  • 13K
  • 1057
  • 106
  • 44
  • 2507
  • MORE

Parallel Universes: Theories & Evidence
Our universe may live in one bubble that is sitting in a network of bubble universes in space.
Credit: Sandy MacKenzie | Shutterstock
Is our universe unique? From science fiction to science fact, there is a proposal out there that suggests that there could be other universes besides our own, where all the choices you made in this life played out in alternate realities. So, instead of turning down that job offer that took you from the United States to China, the alternate universe would show the outcome if you decided to venture to Asia instead.
The idea is pervasive in comic books and movies. For example, in the 2009 "Star Trek" reboot, the premise is that the Kirk and Spock portrayed by Chris Pine and Zachary Quinto are in an alternate timeline apart from the William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy versions of the characters.
The concept is known as a "parallel universe," and is a facet of the astronomical theory of the multiverse. There actually is quite a bit of evidence out there for a multiverse. First, it is useful to understand how our universe is believed to have come to be. 
- See more at: http://www.space.com/32728-parallel-universes.html?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=facebook&utm_campaign=socialfbspc&cmpid=social_spc_514630#sthash.mz4yaJFI.dpuf

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